An article on the American Psychological Association website titled True lies: People who lie via telling truth viewed harshly, study finds (December 15, 2016) defines paltering: “the ability to deceive someone by telling the truth… Rather than misstating facts or failing to provide information, paltering involves actively making truthful statements to create a mistaken impression”Continue reading “Paltering – to deceive with truthful statements”
What is publication bias?
from Statistics How To:
« Publication bias is when studies with positive findings are more likely to be published — and they tend to be published faster — than studies with negative findings. This means that any meta analysis or literature reviews based only on published data will be biased, so researchers should make sure to include unpublished reports in their data as well.
Published vs. Unpublished Studies
The Max Planck/Chauffeur Test
Shane Parrish posted an article on Farnam Street titled The Two Types of Knowledge: The Max Planck/Chauffeur Test. Continue reading “The Max Planck/Chauffeur Test”
Christie Aschwanden wrote an article for Wired titled We’re All ‘P-Hacking’ Now. Continue reading “P-Hacking”
Confronting indifference toward truth: Dealing with workplace bullshit
Ian P. McCarthy, David Hannah, Leyland F. Pitt, and Jane M. McCarthy wrote a paper titled Confronting indifference toward truth: Dealing with workplace bullshit. Continue reading “Confronting indifference toward truth: Dealing with workplace bullshit”
Unknown Unknowns: The Problem of Hypocognition
Kaidi Wu and David Dunning wrote an article for Scientific American called Unknown Unknowns: The Problem of Hypocognition.
« Often, human fate rests not on what people know but what they fail to know. Often, life’s outcomes are determined by hypocognition… Hypocognition, a term introduced to modern behavioral science by anthropologist Robert Levy, means the lack of a linguistic or cognitive representation for an object, category, or idea… [We are] hypocognitive of the numerous concepts that elude our awareness. We wander about the unknown terrains of life as novices more often than experts, complacent of what we know and oblivious to what we miss. » Continue reading “Unknown Unknowns: The Problem of Hypocognition”
Nathan Ballantyne wrote a paper titled Epistemic Trespassing for Mind: A Quarterly Review of Philosophy (Mind, Volume 128, Issue 510, April 2019, Pages 367–395).
« Epistemic trespassers judge matters outside their field of expertise. Trespassing is ubiquitous in this age of interdisciplinary research and recognizing this will require us to be more intellectually modest. » Continue reading “Epistemic Trespassing”